United States Lawful Permanent Residency, informally known and a green card, is the immigration status a person receives when they become authorized to work and live permanently in the United States. Green cards are generally valid for a period of 10 years for permanent residents.
Certain persons married to US Citizens may obtain a 2 year Conditional Permanent Resident if at the time they filed for their green card, their marriage was less than 2 years old. For these Conditional Permanent Residents, they must file for their conditions to be removed within 90 days prior to the expiration of their Conditional Permanent Resident card. Should these persons fail to file to have their conditions removed, they may face deportation proceedings.
It is important to speak with a licensed attorney about these processes, there are minute details that a layperson may miss and catastrophic results may occur.
The application process may take several years. An immigrant usually has to go through a three-step process to get permanent residency that includes petition and processing.